Diabetes mellitus: Type 1 vs Type 2, and 5 natural ways to prevent diabetes or lower blood sugar levels

There are two major forms of diabetes – type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Here are five simple ways to prevent or reduce your risk of developing the condition.

5 natural ways to prevent or reduce your risk of diabetes | Photo Credit: Thinkstock New Delhi: Diabetes mellitus, particularly type 2 diabetes, is now a global crisis that threatens the health and economy of all nations. The International Diabetes Federation says that over 425 million people in the world are currently living with diabetes – most of these cases are type 2 diabetes. India, which is home to more than 72 million diabetic patients, figures among the top few countries with the highest number of people suffering from diabetes.

Briefing the new research carried out by the PGI Chandigarh, Dr Anil Bhansali, head of the Department of Endocrinology, reportedly said that while China is the ‘diabetes capital of the world’, Chandigarh continues to remain the ‘diabetes capital of India’. A recent data published by ICMR-INDIAB study showed that the prevalence of diabetes in Chandigarh was 13.6 per cent, while the national average in 15 states was 7.3 per cent. According to Dr Bhansali, this is in concordance with the previous PGI’s study of diabetes in Chandigarh published in 2009, which showed a prevalence of 12 per cent.

If the current trend continues, the number of diabetics is expected to double by 2025 – from the current figure of 72 million. “In Gurgaon alone, there is a rising prevalence of diabetes, especially in the younger and working class. We have observed an alarming rise in the number of younger patients suffering from heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure, kidney problems etc and most of them also suffer from diabetes. I highly recommend that people embrace a healthy lifestyle which includes a balanced diet, regular exercising, inculcating work-life balance, avoiding junk food and alcohol in order to lead a fulfilling life,” Dr Sujeet Jha, Director, Institute of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism at Max Healthcare, said. Read – World Diabetes Day: Beat diabetes naturally with these 5 powerful Ayurvedic medicines that fight belly fat Difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes is on the verge of becoming one of the leading causes of death across the world. There are two major forms of diabetes – type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes, once known as insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes, is a chronic condition that occurs when your immune system destroys cells in your pancreas called beta cells. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces little or no insulin. There’s no cure for this type of diabetes. The main aim of the treatment is to maintain normal blood sugar levels through monitoring, insulin therapy, diet and exercise.

Type 2 diabetes – the most common type of diabetes – is a chronic condition that may be reversible with diet and lifestyle changes. This type of condition affects the way the body metabolises blood sugar. In type 2 diabetes, the body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or it resists insulin. While there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, patients can manage their condition by eating well, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. To maintain healthy blood sugar levels, they may also need diabetes medications or insulin therapy. Read – Weight loss and diabetes: 5 foods that control blood sugar and help you lose weight Tips to prevent type 2 diabetes

Although genetics plays an important role in the development of diabetes, there are many things you can do to reduce your risk of getting the disease, particularly type 2 diabetes. Here are a few tips that may help prevent type 2 diabetes.

Exercise: Exercise regularly to lose weight and keep it off, reduce blood glucose levels, as well as improve blood pressure and cholesterol.

High-fibre diet: Eat a healthy, balanced diet consisting of foods high in fibre. Fresh fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains, and nuts are great sources of fibre that promote weight loss, lower your risk of heart disease and diabetes. Limit intake of processed and junk food that is packed with unhealthy fats, salt and sugar.

Lose weight: If you’re obese or overweight, take steps to shed the pounds to lower your risk of diabetes and other chronic conditions. Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle are the biggest modifiable risk factors for diabetes.

Don’t smoke: Research suggests that smokers are twice as likely to develop diabetes than non-smokers. Smoking harms your health in many ways – it increases your risk of heart disease, cancer, etc.

Regular check-ups: As you grow older, it’s important to get your blood glucose, blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels checked regularly.

Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purpose only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or a dietician before starting any fitness programme or making any changes to your diet. Two Wheeler Insurance – Why it is important for you?

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